1. Increased economic growth
If girls are able to go to school and get an education it means they are more likely to get a job, earn money and produce goods and services. In some developing nations, the World Bank estimates, investing in girls’ education could increase GDP by as much as 1 percent.
2. Better wages and jobs for women
Girls and young women make up the majority of the worlds 628 million unemployed young people who have no education or training. Many girls go to primary school but if a girl can make it to secondary school, every year they stay in school will eventually boost their wages by 10–20 percent.
Research also shows that most women invest 90 percent of their income into providing food, clothing and education for their children and community.
3. It saves the lives of children and their mothers
A 58-country study commissioned by UNESCO showed that universal primary education for girls would reduce child mortality by 15 percent.
Going to school means girls have fewer pregnancies and are less likely to give birth as teenagers. The effect of girls’ education is greater than the effect of some typical health interventions.
4. Smaller and more sustainable families
Women with higher levels of education have fewer children and are more likely to give birth for the first time later in life and have children more than two years apart. Specifically, reducing the number of girls giving birth before the age of 17 would promote smaller, healthier families.
If all women had a primary education early births would drop by 10 percent, and if all women had a secondary education early births would fall by a further 10 percent.
5. Healthier and better-educated children
Better educated mothers have healthier and better-educated children who are more likely to benefit from adequate nutrition and immunizations, attend school longer and more regularly, and study more frequently. On average, each additional year a mother attends school leads to her children staying longer at school.
6. Fewer child marriages
High-Quality education for girls is a critical strategy to prevent child marriage and improve the lives of girls who are already married. Across 18 of the 20 countries with the highest prevalence of child marriage, girls with no education are up to six times more likely to marry as children than girls with secondary education.
7. Reduced harm to families from natural disasters and climate change
Around the world, women with higher levels of education are better able to handle a crisis. They are able to protect themselves and their families from the effect of natural disasters because they can provide a better quality of care for their children and are better able to prepare, adapt and bounce back. Deaths due to the disaster could be reduced by 60 percent by 2050 if 70 percent of women aged 20–40 complete primary school.